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Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state spread over 321 sq.km. at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and it plays an unique role by forming part of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, the first Biosphere Reserve in India, declared during 1986. It has a common boundary with Wyanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) on the West, Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) on the North, and the Nilgiris North Division on the South and East and Gudalur Forest Division on the South West, together forming a large conservation landscape for flagship species such as Tiger and Asian Elephant. Reception Centre is located at Theppakadu. The name Mudumalai means ” the ancient hill range”. Indeed, it is as old as 65 million years when Western Ghats were formed.


The climate of Mudumalai is moderate. Mudumalai experiences cold weather during the month of December or the beginning of January and hot weather is experienced during the months of March and April.


Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is about 240 Km from Bangalore, about 90 Km from Mysore, about 68 Km from Udhagamandalam (Ooty) and about 124 Km from Calicut by road. The reserve straddles the Ooty -Mysore interstate national highway, roughly midway between the two cities and thus could be approached with equal facility either way. From Ooty, another approach is through extremely steep ghat road via Kalhatti having 36 hair-pin bends on a narrow road, but with a truncated distance of approximately 40 Km. The nearest railway stations to Mudumalai are Mysore, about 100 Km and Udhagamandalam about 68 Km by Hill track. The nearest airports are Coimbatore (160 Km) , Bangalore (240 Km) and Calicut (124 km). The nearest town for medical facility, petrol bunks and with telephone networks is Gudalur (15 Km) and Masinagudi (7 Km). The nearest township from Karnataka is Gundalpet, about 32 Km from Mudumalai Tiger Reserve.


Considering the Danger involved in travelling on these roads at night and in the interest of public safety and the safety of wildlife, the Nilgiri District Administration has prohibited the driving of the motor vehicles on the above road from 10.00 pm to 6.00am, for the vehicular traffic.

Likewise considering the safety of wildlife during night hours the Government of Karnataka have restricted the night traffic on Gundalpet to Ooty road passing through Bandipur Tiger Reserve (NH 212) from 9.00 pm to 6.00 am.

The visitors are advised to plan their journey  accordingly.

Forest Cover

As per Forest Survey of India assessment (2009) the forest cover in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is

Very Dense Forest  –  47.05 km2

Moderately Dense Forest  –  214.98 km2

Open Forest  – 56.16 km2

Flora and Fauna

Important Flora & Fauna

The Reserve has tall grasses, commonly referred to as “Elephant Grass”, Bamboo of the giant variety, valuable timber species like Teak, Rosewood, etc,. There are several species of endemic flora. Such a varied habitat is inhabited by a variety of animals which include Tiger, Elephant, Indian Gaur, Panther, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Common Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Wild Dog, Mangoose, Jungle Cat, Hyena, among others.


This reserve has got a wide variety of more than 260 species of birds. Eight percentage of bird species found in India are recorded in Mudumalai. This includes rare birds like Malabar grey hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, Malabar laughing thrush, Frog mouths and a variety of woodpeckers. Hornbills play an important role in dispersal of seeds. Malabar whistling thrush, peacock and jungle fowl are the other important bird species found in Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary.